مدل پویا محدود برای طراحی شبکه جمع آوری زباله در لجستیک معکوس
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|51622||2013||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5885 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computers & Industrial Engineering, Volume 66, Issue 4, December 2013, Pages 1131–1137
This study considers the problem of determining the locations of collection points as well as the allocations of refuses at demand points to collection points while satisfying the capacity and the maximum allowable collection distance constraints at each collection point. To consider fluctuating demands commonly occurred in refuse collection systems, we consider a restricted dynamic version of the problem in which the locations are fixed, but the allocations are changed over a given planning horizon. The problem is formulated as an integer programming model for the objective of minimizing the sum of fixed costs to open collection points and variable costs to transport refuses between demand and collection points, and then, due to the complexity of the problem, two heuristic algorithms are suggested. The heuristics, called the multi-stage branch and bound and the modified drop heuristics in this paper, are based on the decomposition of the entire problem into the static location and the dynamic allocation sub-problems. Computational experiments were done on various test instances, and the results are reported.