تشخیص لایه لایه شدن با خطا و فرکانس های طبیعی آلوده شده با سر و صدا با استفاده از مفاهیم هوش محاسباتی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|52131||2014||20 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||12830 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 56, January 2014, Pages 906–925
Delaminations are one of the most prevalent defects noticed in laminated composite structures. The existence of delaminations changes the vibration characteristics of laminates and hence such indicators can be used to quantify the health characteristics of laminates and detect potential risk of catastrophic failures. An approach for online health monitoring of in-service composite laminates is presented in this paper that relies on methods based on computational intelligence. Typical changes in the observed vibration characteristics (i.e. change in natural frequencies) are considered as inputs to identify the existence, location and magnitude of delaminations. The performance of the proposed approach is demonstrated using both numerical models and experimental studies of composite laminates. Since this identification problem essentially involves the solution of an optimization problem, the use of finite element (FE) methods as the underlying tool for analysis turns out to be computationally expensive. A surrogate assisted optimization approach is hence introduced to contain the computational time within affordable limits. An artificial neural network (ANN) model with Bayesian regularization is used as the underlying approximation scheme while an improved rate of convergence is achieved using a memetic algorithm. However, building of ANN surrogate models usually requires large training datasets. K-means clustering is effectively employed to reduce the size of datasets. ANN is also used for the solution of the inverse problem to determine the interface, size and location of delaminations using changes in measured natural frequencies before and after damage. The algorithms successfully performed delamination detection given limited amount of training datasets. Since in all practical problems, noise and error are inherently present, the performance of the proposed approach is also evaluated under varying levels of noise and error. The results clearly highlight the efficiency and the robustness of the approach. Hence, a delamination prediction strategy via K-means clustering, ANN and optimization algorithms integrated with surrogate models based on ANN for computational enhancement have been successfully developed and found efficient for detection of the interface of delamination, its size and location in FRP composite laminates using variations in natural frequencies. The developed algorithms are applied to composite beams. Results clearly indicate the delamination detection capability of the algorithms. The results demonstrate that the proposed techniques provide remarkable accurate detection of delamination damage with error and noise corrupted natural frequency validation data. The algorithms are quite promising, successful, flexible and practical with significant increase in terms of efficiency and effectiveness for SHM.