دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 52388
عنوان فارسی مقاله

پیش بینی دفعات انتقال عابر پیاده با استفاده از هوش ازدحامی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
52388 2009 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Forecasting pedestrian evacuation times by using swarm intelligence
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 388, Issue 7, 1 April 2009, Pages 1213–1220

کلمات کلیدی
هوش ازدحامی - شبيه سازي؛ انتقال عابر پیاده؛دفعات انتقال
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله پیش بینی دفعات انتقال عابر پیاده با استفاده از هوش ازدحامی

چکیده انگلیسی

Many models have been developed to provide designers with methods for forecasting the time required for evacuation from various places under a variety of conditions. Particularly for high traffic buildings or buildings of cultural, governmental, or industrial importance, it is of paramount importance to properly evaluate and plan for the necessary evacuation time. To address this need, a number of models for pedestrian simulation, either considering the system as a whole or studying the behavior and decisions of individual pedestrians and their interactions with other pedestrians, have been developed over the years. In this work, a model for evacuation simulation and for estimating evacuation times is proposed. It is inspired by the so-called Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The multi-agent-based simulation characteristics of PSO and the way this technique combines individual and collective intelligence make it suitable for this problem. The PSO-based model presented here allows for assessment of the behavioral patterns followed by individuals during a rapid evacuation event. Evaluation of these behaviors can address a variety of public safety concerns, such as architectural design, evacuation protocol definition, and regulation of public space.

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