طراحی مواد ذخیره سازی انرژی حرارتی نمک مذاب جدید برای نیروگاه حرارتی خورشیدی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|53393||2013||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4779 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Energy, Volume 112, December 2013, Pages 682–689
In order to obtain molten salt with lower melting point, higher thermal stability and reduced cost relative to previously available materials, a variety of molten salt mixtures of alkali nitrates are investigated by experimental methods. However, since measurements are generally expensive and time-consuming, it is of interest to be able to predict melting point and the component of multi-component systems by using the numerical methods. In this paper, eutectic point and component of a new kind of the quaternary reciprocal system (K, Na/NO2, Cl, NO3) are determined firstly by conformal ionic solution theory. Then thermal stability of the mixtures that show a lower melting point is measured by thermogravimetric analysis device. Experimental results show the agreement between measurements and calculations is found to be very good. This kind of molten salt has a lower melting point, 140 °C. It is thermally stable at temperatures up to 500 °C, and may be used up to 550 °C for short periods. Besides, this molten salt has a reduced cost relative to previous low-melting nitrate mixtures due to the elimination of cesium nitrate and lithium nitrate.