کنترل موجودی یک سیستم بازسازی MARKOVIAN با فرایند تجزیه تصادفی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|5369||2007||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4413 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 108, Issues 1–2, July 2007, Pages 416–425
In this paper, we consider a remanufacturing system with reproduction and disposal. In the system, a decomposition process where recovered products are decomposed and classified into wastes to be disposed and materials and parts to be used in the processes for producing parts and products, is considered. For the remanufacturing system, two control policies are proposed. The performance of the proposed policies is analyzed by Markov analysis.
Recently, remanufacturing systems that recycle used resources have been popular for saving limited resources. For the remanufacturing systems, research has been done from various view points, and Fleischmann et al. (1997) reviewed the literature on inventory control and production planning in reverse logistics and described the problems. In the literature on remanufacturing systems, Inderfurth and van del Laan (2001) dealt with the model as shown in Fig. 1. In the model, demands from customers can be satisfied not only by brand-new products but also recovered products. But recovered products had only two possibilities, one of that was disposed, and another was stocked with dedicated inventory. Ueno et al. (2000), Kiesmüller and van der Laan (2001), and Mahadeven et al. (2003) used a similar model in their research. Ueno et al. (2000) proposed a control policy based on pull control, and Mahadeven et al. (2003) proposed push inventory policies for the remanufacturing system. Kiesmüller and van der Laan (2001) considered dependent product demands and returns in the remanufacturing system. On the other hand, Kleber et al. (2002) dealt with a different model of remanufacturing system as shown in Fig. 2. Also, Inderfurth (2004) studied inventory control systems for a product recovery system. As shown in Fig. 2, the recovered products are stocked only for reusing them for multiple options. In addition, demands for each product are satisfied by production of new items or by remanufacturing returned products. However, in the paper, the process of decomposing the recovered products was not considered.Based on this background, this paper considers a decomposition process as shown in Fig. 3 where recovered products are decomposed and classified into wastes to be disposed and materials and parts to be used in the processes for producing parts and products, respectively. Usually, recovered products and the decomposition process are uncertain, and this paper considers the decomposition process as a stochastic process. In the stochastic decomposition process, recovered products are decomposed, and whether the decomposed items are used as material and/or part or should be disposed is determined stochastically. Then, a demand of the product produced by using used and new materials, used and new parts is supposed to be the same in this paper. For the remanufacturing system, this paper proposes policies for controlling inventories of parts, produced products, and recovered products. The performance of the proposed policies is analyzed by Markov analysis, and the optimal policy is obtained. Then, the characteristics of the optimal policy are investigated.This paper is organized as follows: after the introduction, the remanufacturing system considered in this paper is defined and the control policies are proposed in Section 2. For the system, a Markov chain model is developed and the flow balance equations of the system are formulated in Section 3. After solving the flow balance equations and calculating the performance measures, the performance of the proposed policies is analyzed under various conditions in Section 4. Finally, the findings obtained in this paper are summarized as concluding remarks in Section 5.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, we considered the remanufacturing system which controls stocks by three production processes: producing products, producing parts, and decomposing recovered products. For the remanufacturing systems, two control policies were proposed, and the performance of the proposed policies was analyzed by Markov analysis. Although it is based on numerical calculations without proof, the analysis clarified the effects of rates and cost parameters upon the performance of the proposed policies. Especially in policy 2, the number of produced parts and the number of disposed parts are reduced due to the introduced threshold δ. As a result, the expected total cost in policy 2 becomes much less than that in policy 1 although in some cases the differences are not so big. In this paper, the setup of production was not considered. In policy 2, the number of stocked parts is suppressed much less than that in policy 1 by the introduced threshold δ, and this may lead to an increase in the number of stops and starts of parts production, and the number of setups. Considering the setup in evaluating control policies and proposing control policies that suppress the number of setups can be suggested as future research work.