اثرات لایه انسداد اکسایتون و تابع کار کاتد الکترود بر روی عملکرد سلولهای خورشیدی پلیمری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|54364||2015||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3077 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 40, December 2015, Pages 218–223
In this study the effects of some important processing and post-processing treatments on the performance of poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT):[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) solar cells were investigated. These parameters included the active layer film formation period, thermal annealing, electrical treatment, cathode work function modification, and exciton blocking layer type and thickness. Polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells having a glass/indium tin oxide (ITO)/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)/P3HT:PCBM/(Ca or LiF)/Al structure were fabricated. The morphology of the active layer was investigated using atomic force microscopy. The results showed that the morphology state of the active layer exactly after spin coating process was very important parameter, which could dictate different responses of solar cells to a certain treatment. Using solvent additives to prolong the film formation period and storing in small dish could reach the morphology of the active layer near its best state in which there was no need to apply common post-treatment processes. A thickness at about 20 nm was required for Ca layer to effectively act as exciton blocking layer while LiF with 1 nm thickness worked better.