فلورن عالی به عنوان اتم پذیرنده برای سلول های خورشیدی پلیمری: مطالعه شیمی کوانتومی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|54370||2009||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4929 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 93, Issue 10, October 2009, Pages 1827–1832
In the present study, we have used quantum chemical methods to study the energy levels of the frontier orbitals of higher fullerene derivatives (from C70 to C84 and having the same addend as in [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester) with the aim to understand if they can be used as electron acceptors in bulk heterojunction polymer–fullerene solar cells. Higher fullerenes have a stronger and broader absorption compared to C60 and they can improve the current output of the corresponding devices. The geometries of all the compounds were optimized with the density functional theory at the B3LYP/3-21G* level of calculation. The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) levels of the investigated compounds correlate well with the reduction potentials (obtained by cyclic voltammetry) of the already prepared species. We found that the LUMO level depends not only on the fullerene size (number of carbons of the cage) and constitutional isomer, but also on the position and, in some cases, the addend orientation. This issue should be considered because for a proper device operation, a well-defined LUMO is required. The position of the LUMO level of some higher fullerene derivatives can be suitable for low-bandgap polymers.