دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 57224
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تاثیر معافیت قیمت گذاری تراکم بر تقاضا برای خودروهای کارآمد با انرژی های نو در استکهلم

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
57224 2014 17 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The impact of a congestion pricing exemption on the demand for new energy efficient vehicles in Stockholm
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 70, December 2014, Pages 24–40

کلمات کلیدی
وسایل نقلیه کارآمد انرژی ؛ قیمت گذاری تراکم؛ سیاست های تشویقی؛ تنظیمات آشکار؛ لاجیت چندگانه
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تاثیر معافیت قیمت گذاری تراکم بر تقاضا برای خودروهای کارآمد با انرژی های نو در استکهلم

چکیده انگلیسی

As governments seek to transition to more efficient vehicle fleets, one strategy has been to incentivize ‘green’ vehicle choice by exempting some of these vehicles from road user charges. As an example, to stimulate sales of energy efficient vehicles (EEVs) in Sweden, some of these automobiles were exempted from Stockholm’s congestion tax. In this paper the effect this policy had on the demand for new, privately-owned, exempt EEVs is assessed by first estimating a model of vehicle choice and then by applying this model to simulate vehicle alternative market shares under different policy scenarios. The database used to calibrate the model includes owner-specific demographics merged with vehicle registry data for all new private vehicles registered in Stockholm County during 2008. Characteristics of individuals with a higher propensity to purchase an exempt EEV were identified. The most significant factors included intra-cordon residency (positive), distance from home to the CBD (negative), and commuting across the cordon (positive). By calculating vehicle shares from the vehicle choice model and then comparing these estimates to a simulated scenario where the congestion tax exemption was inactive, the exemption was estimated to have substantially increased the share of newly purchased, private, exempt EEVs in Stockholm by 1.8% (±0.3%; 95% C.I.) to a total share of 18.8%. This amounts to an estimated 10.7% increase in private, exempt EEV purchases during 2008, i.e., 519 privately owned, exempt EEVs.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.