دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 57429
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اثرات توزیع مجدد سیاست انرژی و آب و هوا: بازار برق

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
57429 2013 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Redistribution effects of energy and climate policy: The electricity market ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Energy Policy, Volume 62, November 2013, Pages 934–947

کلمات کلیدی
توزیع مجدد؛ تجارت انتشار آلاینده؛ انرژی تجدید پذیر
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اثرات توزیع مجدد سیاست انرژی و آب و هوا: بازار برق

چکیده انگلیسی

Energy and climate policies are usually seen as measures to internalize externalities. However, as a side effect, the introduction of these policies redistributes wealth between consumers and producers, and within these groups. While redistribution is seldom the focus of the academic literature in energy economics, it plays a central role in public debates and policy decisions. This paper compares the distributional effects of two major electricity policies: support schemes for renewable energy sources, and CO2 pricing. We find that the redistribution effects of both policies are large, and they work in opposed directions. While renewables support transfers wealth from producers to consumers, carbon pricing does the opposite. More specifically, we show that moderate amounts of wind subsidies can increase consumer surplus, even if consumers bear the subsidy costs. CO2 pricing, in contrast, increases aggregated producer surplus, even without free allocation of emission allowances; however, not all types of producers benefit. These findings are derived from an analytical model of electricity markets, and a calibrated numerical model of Northwestern Europe. Our findings imply that if policy makers want to avoid large redistribution they might prefer a mix of policies, even if CO2 pricing alone is the first-best climate policy in terms of allocative efficiency.

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