توسعه یک سیستم پشتیبانی تصمیم گیری مبتنی بر وب برای حمایت از مدیریت یکپارچه منابع آب در شهر دائگو، کره جنوبی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|5781||2012||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6210 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 39, Issue 11, 1 September 2012, Pages 10091–10102
Demands on fresh water by human beings have been continuously increasing due to population growth, living standard improvement, and economic development. At the same time, many regions are suffering greatly from floods and droughts. Those are the results of ineffective management of water resources due to the associated complexities. In this study, a decision support system (DSS) was developed for supporting integrated water resources management in Daegu city, Republic of Korea. The developed DSS contained four subsystems including database, modelbase, and knowledgebase, as well as general user interface (GUI). It was then connected with the National Water Management Information System (WAMIS). A flow prediction could be conducted through the incorporated HEC-HMS Version 3.0.1. Also, an urban water demand forecasting model was developed using an artificial neural network (ANN) based model. At the same time, a water resources management model based on genetic algorithm (GA) was developed in the DSS, facilitating efficient allocation of water resources among different regions within a city. The result indicated that the developed DSS is very useful to deal with complex water resources management problems and could be further applied to similar cities in South Korea.
In many regions across the world, demands on fresh water by human beings have been continuously increasing due to population growth, living standard improvement, and economic development (Cai et al., 2009, Huang et al., 2010, Tan et al., 2009 and Zahraie and Hosseini, 2009). At the same time, climate change is exerting great impacts on water systems, and has caused great variations in water resource availabilities due to its direct effects on various hydrological processes such as precipitation, evapotranspiration and runoff generation (Alipour et al., 2010, Andersen et al., 2006, Easterling et al., 2000, Tan et al., 2010a and Tan et al., 2010b). Combination of water demand growth and climatic and hydrological variances has forced decision makers and/or water managers to contemplate comprehensive strategies for water resources management under changing climatic conditions. Moreover, the management practices are further complicated by increasing concerns over a number of water-related issues such as floods and droughts, as well as conservation of aquatic ecosystems. These complexities are posing great challenges to decision makers and/or water managers at multiple jurisdictions in many countries particularly those that are newly developed ones and in economic boom such as South Korea, and are under dual pressures of maintaining their economic boom and protecting environment. It is thus desired to developed effective decision support tools for supporting integrated water resources management with consideration of human intervention and changing climatic conditions. Generally, possible ways for facilitating integrated water resources management include the adoption and improvement of water-related technologies, policies and regulations (Cai et al., 2009 and Cai et al., 2009). Successful and sustainable management of water resources system needs well understanding of the natural processes as well as the associated economic and social services. The concept of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) was thus defined by the technical committee of the Global Water Partnership (GWP) as “a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems” (Higa Eda & Chen, 2010). Operationally, they believed IWRM involved the application of knowledge from various disciplines as well as the insights from diverse stakeholders to devise and implement efficient, equitable and sustainable solutions to deal with practical water and development problems. Given the multi-disciplinary and complex nature of an IWRM problem, Liu, Gupta, Springer, and Wagener (2008) proposed a multi-resolution and multi-disciplinary integrated modeling approach, which consisted of a series of modules such as problem definition, conceptual model formulation, strategy identification, and scenario analysis. Particularly, in order to deal with the associated complexities, computer-based decision support systems (DSS) are desired due to the associated features such as efficiency and user friendliness (Liao et al., 2011, Nasseri et al., 2011, Wen et al., 2005 and Wen et al., 2005). According to Grigg (1996), DSS is a computerized management advisory system that utilizes databases, models, and dialog systems to provide decision makers with timely management information. The adoption of DSS benefits the decision makers in understanding and further managing water resources under multiple scales. After being introduced into management practices, DSS were widely used for supporting water resources management (Mysiak, Giupponi, & Rosato, 2005). As a pioneer work in this area, Loucks, French, and Taylor (1985) discussed how to develop a DSS for water resources management based on an interactive water resources model. More recently, various specific applications of DSS for water resources related problems were reported. For example, Camara (1990) developed a DSS for facilitating estuarine water quality management. Davis, Nanninga, Biggins, and Laut (1991) advanced a DSS for analyzing impact of policy scenarios adopted by multiple scales of watershed authorities. Simonovic (1992) described the application of a DSS to support reservoir operational management. McKinney, Maidment, and Tanriverdi (1993) discussed the application of a DSS in supporting regional water-resources planning. Weng, Huang, and Li (2010) developed an integrated scenario-based multi-criteria decision support system (SMC-DSS) for planning water resources management in the Haihe River Basin. Opricovic (2011) utilized the fuzzy VIKOR (VIsekriterijumska Optimizacijai KOmpromisno Resenje) method to study a reservoir system which was employed for the storage of surface flows in the Mlava River and its tributaries for securing regional water supply. Also, there were several studies that focused on the introduction of commercial software packages for river flow forecasting (Bender & Simonovic, 1994), drought monitoring and management (Chang et al., 1996, Palmer and Tull, 1987 and Palmer and Holmes, 1988), water allocation (Koutsoyiannis et al., 2003), flood management (Ahmad & Simonovic, 2001), and water quality management (Dingfei and Stewart, 2004 and Paredes et al., 2010). At the same time, geographic information system (GIS) is an effective computer-based tool that could facilitate storage, analysis, and graphically display complex spatial information. Particularly, the combination of DSS and GIS technologies aid decision-makers in dealing with problems that would require spatial analysis and modeling. Staudenrausch and Fliigel (2001) developed a water resources management system based on a variety of techniques including database management, remote sensing, GIS, and water systems modelling. Holmes, Young, Goodwin, and Grew (2005) described the development of the Low Flows 2000 system, which was based on a Flow Duration Model and a GIS framework, and could offer flexible strategies to water managers in managing both natural and artificially influenced flow regimes in un-gauged watersheds across UK. Comparatively, in South Korea, it has experienced water crises in most of its river basins due to frequent occurrences of severe floods and droughts. A few researchers conducted studies related to water resources management. For example, Kim (2001) presented a GIS-supported water resource management information system in a watershed of Korea. Park, Choi, Wang, and Park (2006) developed a decision support system for optimally designing water quality monitoring networks in Korea. Chung and Lee (2009) developed an alternative evaluation index (AEI) to determine the priorities of a range of alternatives using both hydrological simulation models and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) techniques. Despite current progress in water resources management, there has been a growing awareness among the scientific community that new approaches and tools would be necessary to allow public access and use of environmental information for participating in decision-making processes (van Asselt et al., 2001). Thus, it is desired that decision-making models could be accessible in the internet and could be directly used by various participants. Particularly, this could facilitate in-depth analysis of various policy alternatives in large-scale watershed (Salewicz and Nakayama, 2004). However, most of the pervious studies focused on an individual component of the water system such as water supply, flooding control, hydropower generation, they scarcely encompass most of the components into a general decision support framework to generate comprehensive decision alternatives. Also, there were few studies focused on investigation of the impacts of climate change and human intervention on water system, particularly in an economically boom country like South Korea. Moreover, there were no reports that could seamlessly connect water management with evolutionary algorithms such as genetic algorithm (GA), artificial neural network (ANN). Therefore, this paper firstly introduces the water resources system of Daegu city, Republic of Korea, and presents the architecture design of DSS for water resources management. Base on the case study, the following main objectives are identified in this paper: to develop an architecture of decision support system for water resources management in Daegu city, based on the National Water Management Information System (WAMIS); to develop river flow or flood forecasting method based on hydrologic software HEC-HMS; to develop an urban water demand forecasting model using artificial neural network; and to develop a mathematical model for optimal water resources allocation using genetic algorithm.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Water is commonly considered as the basic natural resources and strategically economic resources. The current situation is that water is unevenly distributed in space and time, and the contradiction in the supply and demand of water has become a critical constraint for development, and the further problem is the disasters such as floods and droughts. Based on the current development of information and computer technology, a decision support system was developed for supporting the management of water resource problems in Daegu city. The Database, Modelbase, Knowledgebase and Graphical user interface were mainly discussed and formed the DSS. Technologies including the real time hydrological model, urban water demand forecasting model, and water management model were incorporated into the DSS for assisting in dealing with urban water resource management problems, such as flood early warning and water allocation between stakeholders. Based on ARCGIS Engine, SQL Server 2000 and Web environment, the developed DSS could provide real time forecasted hydrological and hydraulic information, improving decision makers’ capabilities in handling issues related to spatial queries, scenarios analysis and optimal decision-making. With the applications of ANN for water demand forecasting and genetic algorithm for water resources allocation, the system could deal with the problems of complex and nonlinear water resources system, both in water demand and optimal water allocation aspects. The successful application of the DSS in Daegu city demonstrated that it is a significant move towards a fully integrated water-environment decision support system for the South Korea.