دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 57898
عنوان فارسی مقاله

کاربردهای بالقوه منابع انرژی زمین گرمایی برای تولید باتری های لیتیوم یون

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
57898 2014 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Potential use of geothermal energy sources for the production of lithium-ion batteries
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Renewable Energy, Volume 61, January 2014, Pages 17–22

کلمات کلیدی
باتری لیتیوم یونی؛ انرژی زمین گرمایی؛ هزینه انرژی؛ انتشار کربن
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله کاربردهای بالقوه منابع انرژی زمین گرمایی برای تولید باتری های لیتیوم یون

چکیده انگلیسی

The lithium-ion battery is one of the most promising technologies for energy storage in many recent and emerging applications. However, the cost of lithium-ion batteries limits their penetration in the public market. Energy input is a significant cost driver for lithium batteries due to both the electrical and thermal energy required in the production process. The drying process requires 45–57% of the energy consumption of the production process according to a model presented in this paper. The model is used as a base for quantifying the energy and temperatures at each step, as replacing electric energy with thermal energy is considered. In Iceland, it is possible to use geothermal steam as a thermal resource in the drying process. The most feasible type of dryer and heating method for lithium batteries would be a tray dryer (batch) using a conduction heating method under vacuum operation. Replacing conventional heat sources with heat from geothermal steam in Iceland, we can lower the energy cost to 0.008USD/Ah from 0.13USD/Ah based on average European energy prices. The energy expenditure after 15 years operation could be close to 2% of total expenditure using this renewable resource, down from 12 to 15% in other European countries. According to our profitability model, the internal rate of return of this project will increase from 11% to 23% by replacing the energy source. The impact on carbon emissions amounts to 393.4–215.1 g/Ah lower releases of CO2 per year, which is only 2–5% of carbon emissions related to battery production using traditional energy sources.

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