طراحی و پیاده سازی سیستم پشتیبانی تصمیم گیری در امداد آتش نشانی شهری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|5797||2013||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2170 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Engineering, Volume 52, 2013, Pages 483–488
The authors introduced major geographic data management platform ARCGIS, and developed city major fire extinguishing rescue decision support system based on GIS, by using ArcGIS Engine and VB, according to a large number of decision support system and fire fighting rescue strength model advanced. City major fire extinguishing rescue decision support system based on GIS is integrated with several functions, including layer management, query, fire analysis, fire force calculation, and dynamic visualization plan of fire fighting and rescue. This paper mainly introduced the system function, system design and system implementation.
With the fast development of city construction, fire protection work occupies a more and more important part in the city disaster of prevention and reduction , City fire decision requires large amounts of comprehensive and accurate information, and requires fast and accurate decision-making and avoiding delaying to extinguish fire [2, 3].The improper command is one of the reasons of Xi'an liquefied gas explosion. There was a lack of scientif ic rescue force model which failed to quickly dispatch the rescue force, delaying the rescue time, resulting in a large number of casualties and property losses. Therefore, the development of city major fire extinguishing rescue de cision support system based on GIS is imperative, so that the fire department quickly generate the re scue plan and effectively dispat ch force and scientifically use fire resources, in order to minimize the loss of life and property with minimal cost.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The researchers developed city fire rescue decision support system combining geographic in formation system with fire related theory, based on the ARCGIS software, the conclusions can be drawn as the following: The paper researched extinguishing rescue first respons e force, reinforcements and realized the purpose that fire brigades rapidly dispatch rescue force. Decision support system realized the vi ew of surrounding roads, water, fire power deployment and fire simulation video of dynamic visualization of fire fighting and rescue , which made up for the loss, and enhanced the decision- making role. On the whole, from meeting the fire command department n eeds point of view, city majo r fire extinguishing rescue decision support system is a strong application system, it c overs the fire command responsibility, especially, general functions of fire fighting comma nd system, such as map browsing, path analys is, statistical analysis of fire hydrant. The researchers, combining with the actual needs of firefi ghting rescue work, focused on the design of fire forces dispatch, rescue force deployment, dynamic visualization of fire fighting and rescue. In the Windows XP operating system, using ArcGIS softwa re and related components and visual development tool Microsoft Visual Basic6.0 and Microsoft Office Access database carried out secondary development, realizes the city major fire extinguishing rescue d ecision support system development. The applica tion of this system will eventually improve the fire fight brigades fi ghting ability in modern city complex fire