دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 58138
عنوان فارسی مقاله

LCA لامپ های های فلورسنت صرف در تایلند با نرخ های مختلف بازیافت

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
58138 2008 16 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
LCA of spent fluorescent lamps in Thailand at various rates of recycling
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 16, Issue 10, July 2008, Pages 1046–1061

کلمات کلیدی
ارزیابی چرخه حیات؛ لامپ های های فلورسنت را صرف (لامپ کم مصرف) - دسترس؛ بازیافت؛ اثرات زیست محیطی؛ روش 99 سازگار با شاخص محیط زیست
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله LCA لامپ های های فلورسنت صرف در تایلند با نرخ های مختلف بازیافت

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper presents environmental impact of a fluorescent lamp (a long straight tube 36 watts, 200 g and 13,600 h for mean time before failure) when considering different disposal methods (recycle and non-recycle) of its spent fluorescent lamp (SFL). The study was applied for the case in Thailand using life cycle assessment (LCA) as a tool. All materials, energy use, and pollutant emissions to the environment from each related process were identified and analyzed. Impact assessment was conducted for 10 environmental impact potentials: carcinogens, respiratory organics, respiratory inorganics, climate change, radiation, ozone layer, ecotoxicity, acidification/eutrophication, land use and minerals. The analysis followed Eco-Indicator 99 method, individualist version 2.1. The main focus of the study was to compare the impact of SFL recycling with non-recycling before landfilling. The impact intermittent activities, production of raw material and energy used in all the concerned processes were taken into account. However, transportation activities were excluded. The results showed that for all recycling rates, cement production is the main contributor to the environmental impacts, while sodium sulfide production is second and electrical production, the third. Mercury vapor emission showed a small contribution in carcinogens and ecotoxicity. The impacts are reduced when recycling rate is increased. The reduction of cement consumption in disposal processes or the process improvement of cement production may also help to reduce environmental impacts.

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