دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 58546
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اتانازی باستان: "مرگ خوب" و دکتر در جهان رومی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
58546 2004 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Ancient euthanasia: ‘good death’ and the doctor in the graeco-Roman world
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 5, March 2004, Pages 975–985

کلمات کلیدی
مرگ خوب ؛ اتانازی؛ مرگ داوطلبانه؛ سوگند دانشجویان پزشکی؛خودکشی به کمک پزشکی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اتانازی باستان: "مرگ خوب" و دکتر در جهان رومی

چکیده انگلیسی

This article maps the concept of ‘good death’ (euthanasia) in the ancient world and explores the marginal role of the doctor at a ‘good dying’. His assistance was not needed when the Homeric warrior died as a hero and was expected to accept death with resignation. Later the city-state regarded as heroes the men fallen for the cause of the community, honouring these model citizens as those who died well. In the more individualistic age of Hellenism and the Roman Empire, a death in luxury or without suffering could be styled euthanasia. The doctor had neither a place in those acts of dying nor in cases of natural death. He shunned death as a failure of his art. Sometimes a doctor was called in to assist in voluntary death, a role that was not forbidden by the Hippocratic oath. An appeal to this oath by opponents of euthanasia in the modern sense of the word therefore is mistaken.

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