دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 58596
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تفاوت های نژادی/قومی در مرگ و میر بزرگسالان: نقش رفتارهای بهداشتی و استرس ادراک شده

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
58596 2011 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Race/ethnic differences in adult mortality: The role of perceived stress and health behaviors
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 73, Issue 9, November 2011, Pages 1312–1322

کلمات کلیدی
نژاد؛ قومیت؛ مرگ و میر؛ رفتارهای بهداشتی؛ فشار؛ ایالات متحده آمریکا
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تفاوت های نژادی/قومی در مرگ و میر بزرگسالان: نقش رفتارهای بهداشتی و استرس ادراک شده

چکیده انگلیسی

We examine the role of perceived stress and health behaviors (i.e., cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, sleep duration) in shaping differential mortality among whites, blacks, and Hispanics. We use data from the 1990 National Health Interview Survey (N = 38,891), a nationally representative sample of United States adults, to model prospective mortality through 2006. Our first aim examines whether unhealthy behaviors and perceived stress mediate race/ethnic disparities in mortality. The black disadvantage in mortality, relative to whites, closes after adjusting for socioeconomic status (SES), but re-emerges after adjusting for the lower smoking levels among blacks. After adjusting for SES, Hispanics have slightly lower mortality than whites; that advantage increases after adjusting for the greater physical inactivity among Hispanics, but closes after adjusting for their lower smoking levels. Perceived stress, sleep duration, and alcohol consumption do not mediate race/ethnic disparities in mortality. Our second aim tests competing hypotheses about race/ethnic differences in the relationships among unhealthy behaviors, perceived stress, and mortality. The social vulnerability hypothesis predicts that unhealthy behaviors and high stress levels will be more harmful for race/ethnic minorities. In contrast, the Blaxter (1990) hypothesis predicts that unhealthy lifestyles will be less harmful for disadvantaged groups. Consistent with the social vulnerability perspective, smoking is more harmful for blacks than for whites. But consistent with the Blaxter hypothesis, compared to whites, current smoking has a weaker relationship with mortality for Hispanics, and low or high levels of alcohol consumption, high levels of physical inactivity, and short or long sleep hours have weaker relationships with mortality for blacks.

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