دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 58612
عنوان فارسی مقاله

شرایط محله ای با رفتارهای بهداشتی مادران و نتایج بارداری همراه است

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
58612 2011 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Neighborhood conditions are associated with maternal health behaviors and pregnancy outcomes
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 73, Issue 9, November 2011, Pages 1302–1311

کلمات کلیدی
نتایج تولد؛ رفتارهای بهداشتی مادران ؛ شرایط محله ای - محرومیت محله ای - ایالات متحده آمریکا
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله شرایط محله ای با رفتارهای بهداشتی مادران و نتایج بارداری همراه است

چکیده انگلیسی

Women residing in neighborhoods of low socioeconomic status are more likely to experience adverse reproductive outcomes; however, few studies explore which specific neighborhood features are associated with poor maternal health behaviors and pregnancy outcomes. Based upon our conceptual model, directly observed street-level data from four North Carolina US counties were used to create five neighborhood indices: physical incivilities (neighborhood degradation), social spaces (public space for socializing), walkability (walkable neighborhoods), borders (property boundaries), and arterial features (traffic safety). Singleton birth records (2001–2005) were obtained from the North Carolina State Center for Vital Statistics and maternal health behavior information (smoking, inadequate or excessive weight gain) and pregnancy outcomes (pregnancy-induced hypertension/pre-eclampsia, low birthweight, preterm birth) were abstracted. Race-stratified random effect models were used to estimate associations between neighborhood indices and women’s reproductive behaviors and outcomes. In adjusted models, higher amounts of physical incivilities were positively associated with maternal smoking and inadequate weight gain, while walkability was associated with lower odds of these maternal health behaviors. Social spaces were also associated with inadequate weight gain during pregnancy. Among pregnancy outcomes, high levels of physical incivilities were consistently associated with all adverse pregnancy outcomes, and high levels of walkability were inversely associated with pregnancy-induced hypertension and preterm birth for Non-Hispanic white women only. None of the indices were associated with adverse birth outcomes for Non-Hispanic black women. In conclusion, certain neighborhood conditions were associated with maternal health behaviors and pregnancy outcomes.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.