دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 58651
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تاریخ عمر وقایع آسیب زا در نمونه جامعه سرخپوستان آمریکایی: وراثت و ارتباط با وابستگی به مواد، اختلال عاطفی، اختلال سلوک و PTSD

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
58651 2013 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Lifetime history of traumatic events in an American Indian community sample: Heritability and relation to substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 47, Issue 2, February 2013, Pages 155–161

کلمات کلیدی
سرخپوستان آمریکایی؛ PTSD؛ تروما؛ وابستگی به مواد
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تاریخ عمر وقایع آسیب زا در نمونه جامعه سرخپوستان آمریکایی: وراثت و ارتباط با وابستگی به مواد، اختلال عاطفی، اختلال سلوک و PTSD

چکیده انگلیسی

American Indians appear to experience a higher rate of traumatic events than what has been reported in general population surveys. American Indians also suffer higher alcohol related death rates than any other ethnic group in the U.S. population. Therefore efforts to delineate factors which may uniquely contribute to increased likelihood of trauma, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders (SUD) over the lifetime in American Indians are important because of the high burden of morbidity and mortality that they pose to American Indian communities. Participants were American Indians recruited from reservations that were assessed with the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA), family history assessment and the stressful-life-events scale. Of the 309 participants, equivalent numbers of men and women (94%) reported experiencing traumas; however, a larger proportion of women received a PTSD diagnosis (38%) than men (29%). Having experienced multiple trauma and sexual abuse were most highly associated with PTSD. Having experienced assaultive trauma and having PTSD symptoms were both found to be moderately heritable (30–50%). Logistic regression revealed that having an anxiety and/or affective disorder and having a substance dependent diagnosis, but not having antisocial personality disorder/conduct disorder, were significantly correlated with having a diagnosis of PTSD. These studies suggest that trauma is highly prevalent in this American Indian community, it is heritable, is associated with PTSD, affective/anxiety disorders and substance dependence. Additionally, trauma, PTSD and substance dependence appear to all co-emerge in early adulthood in this high-risk population.

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