استرس و فرسودگی شغلی: تفاوت قابل ملاحظه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|58875||2005||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4080 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 39, Issue 3, August 2005, Pages 625–635
Burnout is often conceptualized within the framework of stress research. The present manuscript contends that while burnout and strain are both adverse responses to job stressors they seem to have different antecedents, correlates and consequences. The existential perspective is offered as a theory based approach to differentiate the two concepts and point to the distinct features of burnout. Path analysis of data obtained from 1182 Israeli police officers during a Palestinian uprising revealed good reconstruction by the theoretical model and provided tentative support for this proposition. As predicted, job stressors (assumed to be antecedent variables) were more highly correlated with strain than with burnout whereas job importance (assumed to be an intervening variable) was more highly correlated with burnout than with strain. Burnout was more highly correlated than strain with such (outcome) variables as job dissatisfaction, desire to quit the job, physical and emotional symptoms and perceived performance level. Implications for differential treatment of stress and burnout are offered suggesting that the focus in treating burnout should be on enhancing people’s sense of their work’s importance and significance.