گشت و گذار: راهی برای ریسک پذیری اجتماعی قابل قبول، ارضای نیازهای برای هیجان خواهی و تجربه جستجوی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|59017||2004||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6533 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 36, Issue 3, February 2004, Pages 663–677
Whether the personality characteristics of sensation seeking and openness to experience and participation motives differ between participants in the high-risk sport of surfing (n=41) and participants in a low-risk sport (golf; n=44) was investigated. Multivariate analysis indicated that surfers are characterised by higher levels of sensation seeking, as measured by the Sensation Seeking Scale-V (Zuckerman, 1983) and Openness to Experience, as measured by the NEO-Personality Inventory Revised (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Surfers also demonstrated higher levels of Intrinsic Motivation, measured by the Sports Motivation Scale (Pelletier et al., 1995) than golfers, while both groups demonstrated similar levels of Extrinsic Motivation. These results suggest that personality factors, together with types of participation motives, may be useful in discriminating between participants in low- and high-risk sports, which in turn could be used to promote surfing as a positive risk-taking pursuit.