دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 59182
عنوان فارسی مقاله

دستیابی به انگلیسی به عنوان زبان دوم از طریق چاپ: وظیفه برای کودکان ناشنوا

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
59182 2014 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Acquiring English as a second language via print: The task for deaf children
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cognition, Volume 132, Issue 2, August 2014, Pages 229–242

کلمات کلیدی
خواندن؛ ناشنوا؛ ناشنوایی؛ زبان اشاره؛ فراگیری زبان دوم؛ مدل توصیفی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله دستیابی به انگلیسی به عنوان زبان دوم از طریق چاپ: وظیفه برای کودکان ناشنوا

چکیده انگلیسی

Only a minority of profoundly deaf children read at age-level. We contend this reflects cognitive and linguistic impediments from lack of exposure to a natural language in early childhood, as well as the inherent difficulty of learning English only through the written modality. Yet some deaf children do acquire English via print. The current paper describes a theoretical model of how children could, in principle, acquire a language via reading and writing. The model describes stages of learning which represent successive, conceptual insights necessary for second/foreign language learning via print. Our model highlights the logical difficulties present when one cannot practice a language outside of reading/writing, such as the necessity of translating to a first language, the need for explicit instruction, and difficulty that many deaf children experience in understanding figurative language. Our model explains why learning to read is often a protracted process for deaf children and why many fail to make progress after some initial success. Because language acquisition is thought to require social interaction, with meaning cued by extralinguistic context, the ability of some deaf individuals to acquire language through print represents an overlooked human achievement worthy of greater attention by cognitive scientists.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.