فشارهای نهادی، قابلیت های پویا و سیستم های مدیریت زیست محیطی: بررسی پیاده سازی ایزو 9000 - سیستم مدیریت زیست محیطی پیوندی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|5975||2013||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9510 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 114, 15 January 2013, Pages 232–242
We hypothesize a model where domestic and international institutional pressures lead to the successful implementation of ISO 9000 and can in turn lead to the successful implementation of environmental management systems such as ISO 14001 environmental certification systems or total quality environmental management (TQEM) systems. Using appropriate tests for mediation with dichotomous mediators and outcomes, we find that the model holds for a sample of 377 Chinese manufacturers in six major industrial groups in Suzhou, Dalian, and Tianjin. Our findings are consistent with the theory linking internal capabilities to heterogeneous external (in this case, institutional) pressures on organizations for environmentally proactive efforts. Our findings suggest that institutions in developing countries with significant environmental concerns such as China as well as foreign suppliers and partners to firms in these countries should encourage and support ISO 9000 implementations by local firms. These findings may influence other developing nations' adoption of quality and environmental process systems.
China's recent dramatic economic growth and its acceptance into the World Trade Organization (WTO) have been accompanied by equally dramatic environmental degradation (Economy, 2007). Sixteen of the world's twenty most polluted cities are located in China. Environmental degradation is expected to cost China around 8–12 percent of annual GDP (Economy, 2004). Much of the responsibility for this environmental degradation is attributable to industrialization that continues to overwhelm ostensibly strenuous central government efforts to protect the environment. In 2000, for example, China's State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) estimated that 40 percent of water pollution and 80 percent of air pollution were attributable to industry (Wang et al., 2004). Substantial scholarship has focused on the response of Chinese firms to environmental concerns. ISO 14001 certification (Chan and Li, 2001) and its diffusion (Corbett and Kirsch, 2001; Vastag, 2004) can respond to environmental pressure. We pick up the thread that examines institutional pressures as developed in institutional theory (DiMaggio and Powell, 1983; Delmas and Toffel, 2004). In relevant prior research, Christmann and Taylor (2001) showed that the status of being an exporting company would expose the company to more stringent environmental requirements and led to the need to adopt a systematic environmental approach such as an internationally standardized ISO 14001 environmental management systems. Similarly, Cordeiro et al. (2009) documented the impact of both international and domestic normative, coercive, and mimetic institutional forces on the likelihood of adoption of three environmentally proactive practices: ISO 14001, total quality environmental management (TQEM), and generic EMS in Chinese firms. The main objective of this study is to develop this line of research further by investigating ISO 14001 and ISO 9000 as important process-focused best practices in the context of organizational and environmental management (Christmann, 2000). The relationship between successful ISO 9000 implementation and subsequent successful ISO 14001 implementation is important in the context of corporate environmental strategies since there is a sequential logic embedded in environmental operational strategy implementation (Hart, 1995, 1997). Specifically, as we detail in the discussion below, we study ISO 9000 certification as a key mediating variable that mediates the impact of domestic and international institutional pressures on the adoption of corporate environmental management processes like ISO 14001 and similar TQEM-type environmental management systems. This study helps advance both practice and research. From a practice perspective it provides insights for operations managers to aid in adoption and implementation of quality and environmental management systems. From a research perspective it seeks to advance the theoretical linkages between external pressures and internal capabilities. The linkage of these two streams will provide superior underpinnings for organizational efforts to build operational capabilities and capacities in response to various external pressures and forces, especially institutional pressures. We use a 2007 survey of 377 Chinese manufacturers in six major industrial groups in Suzhou, Dalian, and Tianjin cities. We begin with a discussion of the theory and develop testable hypotheses. We then present the methodology followed by the results and discussion. We conclude with a discussion of some avenues for future research.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The objective of the study was to examine the extent to which the existence of ISO 9000 quality management systems mediates the impact of domestic and international institutional pressures on the adoption of ISO 14001 and more generalized TQEM and EMS environmental management systems. As such, it adds to similar efforts in the field of environmental management. For example, Lopez-Gamero et al. (2009) study competitive advantage and firm resources as mediating the relationship between environmental variables and firm performance, while Eidat et al. (2008) test the mediating role of environmental innovation strategy. Sarkis et al. (2010) investigate the mediating role of training between environmental pressures and the adoption of environmental practices. Our findings show a complete mediation effect in the case of domestic institutional pressures and only a partial mediation in the case of international institutional pressures, especially on ISO 14001 adoption. These results have strong intuitive appeal. Chinese companies are more responsive to direct international institutional pressures when adopting ISO 14001, and TQEM since these are more vital in terms of attracting and retaining foreign customers and partners. As noted earlier, ISO 14001 is often required by international supply chain partners. In contrast, Chinese companies are less responsive to domestic institutional pressures which have a lesser import due to more lax enforcement of domestic regulations and the historic apathy of Chinese consumers to environmentally-friendly products and processes (Cordeiro et al., 2009; Stalley, 2009). Consequently, there is less need for firms to leverage path-dependent learning and continuous improvements from dynamic capabilities provided by their experience with ISO 9000 systems.