دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 59907
عنوان فارسی مقاله

معمای رابطه U شکل بین شادی و سن

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
59907 2012 18 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
The mystery of the U-shaped relationship between happiness and age ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Volume 82, Issues 2–3, May 2012, Pages 525–542

کلمات کلیدی
روش شادی؛ غیرقابل مشاهده ؛ مدل های متغیر پنهان؛ تاثیر سن : اثرات انتخاب؛ اثرات ثابت
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله معمای رابطه U شکل بین شادی و سن

چکیده انگلیسی

In this paper, we address the puzzle of the relationship between age and happiness. Whilst the majority of psychologists have concluded there is not much of a relationship at all, the economic literature has unearthed a possible U-shape relationship with the minimum level of satisfaction occurring in middle age (35–50). In this paper, we look for a U-shape in three panel data sets, the German Socioeconomic Panel (GSOEP), the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and the Household Income Labour Dynamics Australia (HILDA). We find that the raw data mainly supports a wave-like shape that only weakly looks U-shaped for the 20–60 age range. That weak U-shape in middle age becomes more pronounced when allowing for socio-economic variables. When we then take account of selection effects via fixed-effects, however, the dominant age-effect in all three panels is a strong happiness increase around the age of 60 followed by a major decline after 75, with the U-shape in middle age disappearing such that there is almost no change in happiness between the age of 20 and 50.

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