دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 60030
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تاثیر انباشته شده رنجش از سر و صدا و بو بر روی کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با زیست محیطی و بهداشتی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
60030 2015 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Cumulative effects of noise and odour annoyances on environmental and health related quality of life
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 146, December 2015, Pages 191–203

کلمات کلیدی
کانادا؛ عوامل استرس زا محیط؛ سر و صدای ترافیک؛ دی اکسید نیتروژن؛ آزردگی از سر و صدا - آزردگی از بو - کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با بهداشت ؛ مدل معادلات ساختاری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تاثیر انباشته شده رنجش از سر و صدا و بو بر روی کیفیت زندگی مرتبط  با زیست محیطی و بهداشتی

چکیده انگلیسی

Noise and odour annoyances are important considerations in research on health effects of air pollution and traffic noise. Cumulative exposures can occur via several chemical hazards or a combination of chemical and stressor-based hazards, and related health outcomes can be generalized as manifestations of physiological and/or psychological stress responses. A major research challenge in this field is to understand the combined health effects of physiological and psychological responses to exposure. The SF-12 Health Survey is a health related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument designed for the assessment of functional mental and physical health in clinical practice and therefore well suited to research on physiological health outcomes of exposure. However, previous research has not assessed its sensitivity to psychological stress as measured by noise annoyance and odour annoyance. The current study validated and tested this application of the SF-12 Health Survey in a cross-sectional study (n = 603) that included exposure assessment for traffic noise and air pollution in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. The results indicated that SF-12 scores in Windsor were lower than Canadian normative data. A structural equation model demonstrated that this was partially due to noise and odour annoyances, which were associated with covarying exposures to ambient nitrogen dioxide and traffic noise. More specifically, noise annoyance had a significant and negative effect on both mental and physical health factors of the SF-12 and there was a significant covariance between noise annoyance and odour annoyance. The study confirmed a significant effect of psychological responses to cumulative exposures on HRQoL. The SF-12 Health Survey shows promise with respect to assessing the cumulative health effects of outdoor air pollution and traffic noise.

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