افسردگی بخشش انتخابی به عنوان تابعی از نزدیکی رابطه و تجاوز را کاهش می دهد
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|60422||2006||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 40, Issue 6, April 2006, Pages 1133–1141
We examined if depression predicts forgiveness beyond the effects of transgression and relationship closeness, and whether its effect on forgiveness is strongest in specific transgression–closeness situations. Hundred and nineteen university students were randomly assigned into one of two experimental conditions in which they were presented with hypothetical scenarios depicting a mild as well as a serious offense by either an acquaintance or a best friend. They also filled out a depression inventory. Results confirmed a depression × transgression × closeness interaction effect, in addition to a main effect of depression, on forgiveness. Whereas for nondepressed persons, closeness with the perpetrator enhances forgiveness given to a serious offense, it was not the case for depressed persons. Furthermore, depressed persons were less ready to forgive a mild offense by an acquaintance when compared with nondepressed ones. However, depressed and nondepressed persons were similarly forgiving when they were severely offended by an acquaintance, or when they were mildly offended by a best friend. These findings were explained in terms of how the cognitive biases of depressed people operate in different relationship contexts and under different emotional intensities following the offense.