دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 60565
عنوان فارسی مقاله

واسطه های متعدد حساسیت به تشویق و تنبیه در تنهایی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
60565 2015 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Multiple mediators of reward and punishment sensitivity on loneliness
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 72, January 2015, Pages 101–106

کلمات کلیدی
تنهایی؛ پذیرش؛ تقویت حساسیت؛ کمرویی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله واسطه های متعدد حساسیت به تشویق و تنبیه در تنهایی

چکیده انگلیسی

The purpose of this paper was to use the revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory as a framework to understand loneliness. We expected higher loneliness to be associated with high reward sensitivity and low punishment sensitivity. We tested how reward and punishment sensitivity could affect loneliness by exploring potential mediators including shyness, sociability, communal orientation, and acceptance. We tested 370 participants using an online questionnaire. High punishment sensitivity, but not anxiety, predicted higher loneliness. This association was mediated by higher shyness and lower psychological acceptance. High reward sensitivity was associated with lower loneliness. This association was mediated by lower shyness, higher sociability, higher communal orientation, and higher acceptance. The mediated model with reward and punishment sensitivity accounted for over half the variance in loneliness. Considered in isolation, acceptance predicted over a quarter of the variance in loneliness. These results allow us to identify those at risk of loneliness and, by addressing the mediators, especially acceptance, suggest possible interventions for loneliness.

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