جدا کردن اثرات مقیاس فرکانس بر روی تنهایی خود گزارش دهی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|60616||2004||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3663 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 36, Issue 1, January 2004, Pages 235–244
Response options presented on questionnaires affect self-reports concerning the frequency of loneliness. Two experiments using items from the UCLA Loneliness Scale—Version 3 (ULS) presented participants with either of two response option ranges. In Experiment 1, response options in the high-frequency condition ranged from “Every Day” to “Never.” In the low-frequency condition, response options ranged from “Once a month or more often” to “Never.” In Experiment 2, response options ranged from “Every Day” to “Never” in the high-frequency condition and from “Once a week or more often” to “Never” in the low-frequency condition. Results confirmed that self-reported frequency of experiences related to loneliness increased when participants were presented with response options emphasizing higher frequency. Implications for the ULS in particular, and questionnaire design in general, are discussed.