نفوذ اجتماعی و اقتباس نوع دوستی محدود: یک آزمایش بازی دیکتاتور در کودکان و نوجوانان تحت تاثیر همسالان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|60857||2015||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7222 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Evolution and Human Behavior, Volume 36, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages 430–437
Humans tend to treat the ingroup more favorably than the outgroup. The phenomenon of parochial altruism is commonly observed in experimental studies on the division of valuable goods among people from children to adults in modern and indigenous societies. Relatively little known is how parochial altruism evolves in the presence of social influence. We conducted a dictator-game experiment on children and adolescents in different school classes to assess parochial altruism. Subjects divided an endowment of valuable goods with an ingroup and an outgroup person. We then manipulated the social information of how the ingroup and the outgroup person shared their endowments with each other. Our experiment shows that subjects would modify their giving to the two recipients when receiving the information, suggesting that parochial altruism—the difference in how much the ingroup and the ougroup receive—is subject to modification under social influence. Parochialism, in particular, is reduced when social influence is exerted from the ingroup. Our study suggests the research to take into account the social dynamics of interpersonal influence to understand how norms of parochial altruism evolve.