منطقه بندی طراحی ساخت و ساز قلمرو ایران و مدل سازی اقلیمی فضای ساختمانهای شهری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|61485||2011||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5441 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of King Saud University - Science, Volume 23, Issue 4, October 2011, Pages 355–369
Considering the natural and climatic characteristics of different regions of Iran coupled with modern construction techniques and materials make it possible to make design decisions to create comfortable conditions for its residents. It is stated that improvement of a microclimate in houses in many respects depends on the choice of construction methods. In order to improve the microclimate for the basic areas, the Iran typological requirements and recommendations on improvement of a microclimate of residential environment are defined in the present study for both houses and city multi-storey build-up areas. On the basis of the typological requirements, experience of historical traditions, modern tendencies, and preservation of environment, construction methods for the four allocated design-building zones are developed. Using the recommended construction methods, town-planning principles of designing houses and principles of microclimate formation, which is determined by their space-planning and architectural-constructive decisions, were formulated. Effective design of civil buildings was developed on the basis of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the environment, environmental factors affecting the climate, climate-ecological modeling of space, layout of the climate, and environmental zonings of territory of Iran. Among the construction design zones (CDZ) determined by certain relationship of climatic conditions and the available local construction materials; four CDZs are singled out considering the well-established designs and the existing design-construction base. The results of the research form a basis for general scientific, methodological, architectural, and planning principles of designing residential and public buildings. Moreover, some recommendations on developing of Iranian modern architecture of civil buildings with regard to national, Islamic, and cultural traditions are provided.