نظارت و ارزیابی تجربی پس از اشغال یک ساختمان خورشیدی غیر خانگی در منطقه مرکزی آرژانتین
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|61516||2015||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7728 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Energy and Buildings, Volume 92, 1 April 2015, Pages 267–281
Previous experience in designing and monitoring bioclimatic buildings in central Argentina suggests that their thermal behavior is a matter of concern and that further research is needed. Thus, the objectives of this work are: to describe the design and the post-occupancy evaluation of a new non-domestic solar building in a continental semiarid region of central Argentina (37°38′ latitude S, 63°34′ longitude, 175 m above sea level), to analyze the building's hygrothermal and energy performance, and to estimate the PMV and PPD. The design guidelines were: to minimize the consumption of conventional energy in thermal-lighting conditioning, to use traditional technology, to maximize the thermal comfort, and to reach an extra-cost lower than 10%. The post-occupancy monitoring of the building was performed along one complete year (August 9th 2011–August 18th 2012). Data-loggers were installed in each functional area to sense the indoor temperature and relative humidity at time steps of 10 min. A meteorological station was installed near the building. The experimental results showed that during winter the average temperature in the areas of permanent use was 20.3 °C (average outdoor temperature: 10.1 °C) and the heating energy consumption was around 73.5 kW h/m2. During summer the average indoor temperature in the building was 26.9 °C, 1.7 °C below the outdoor temperature average (28.6 °C); cooling systems were turned on when the indoor temperature reached 28 °C, at approximately 11:30 AM, when the outdoor air temperature exceeded 30 °C. Mechanical cooling consumed around 59% of the daily electricity consumption. The PDD results obtained for winter and summer representative days meet the requirements of ISO Norm 7730. Heating and cooling energy saving was around 63% and 76.5% respectively. The monitoring showed that the thermal behavior and energy performance met the expectations of both designers and users, and it is considered satisfactory and promising for low-energy consumption buildings.