خودکارآمدی و گنجایش حافظه کوتاه مدت بعنوان پیش بینی کننده استدلال تناسبی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|61995||2013||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5450 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 26, August 2013, Pages 185–190
This study investigated the influence of self-efficacy and working memory on time-pressured completion of a test of proportional reasoning. Participants completed standard working memory measures of storage as well as storage and transformation (verbal and numerical), reported their self-efficacy with numerical information and attempted a time-restricted numeracy task. The task was composed of problems featuring fractions, percentages and probabilities, which included simple problems requiring mainly memory retrieval, as well as problems that required calculation and operation-switching. While short-term memory and self-efficacy played a role in performance, self-efficacy explained a significant proportion of the variance in performance above and beyond the effects of short-term memory. As similar findings have recently been shown for mental multiplication, the current study suggests that this relationship between working memory capacity and self-efficacy also holds for proportional reasoning. Correlational analyses found gender differences in the relation between self-efficacy and proportional reasoning.