دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 62095
عنوان فارسی مقاله

خودکارآمدی در کودکان نوپای 18 ماهه مادران افسرده و غیرافسرده

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
62095 2004 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Self-efficacy in 18-month-old toddlers of depressed and nondepressed mothers
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Volume 25, Issue 2, March–April 2004, Pages 133–147

کلمات کلیدی
خودکارآمدی؛ افسردگی؛ عاطفه ؛ تسلط - انگیزه؛ خود ارزیابی - کودکان نو پا
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله خودکارآمدی در کودکان نوپای 18 ماهه مادران افسرده و غیرافسرده

چکیده انگلیسی

Low self-efficacy is a key component of depression. Toddlers of depressed mothers may be at risk for impaired development of self-efficacy because of maternal modeling, diminished encouragement of toddlers' efforts, and/or biological contributions. We examined emerging self-efficacy in 70 toddlers of depressed mothers and 62 toddlers of nondepressed mothers. Depressed mothers had sought treatment and were diagnosed using a structured psychiatric interview. Toddlers were observed while working on a variety of mastery tasks, and an index of self-efficacy was constructed from behavior and affect. As expected, findings indicated that toddlers of depressed mothers showed less self-efficacy. Furthermore, more recent exposure to depression was associated with lower self-efficacy. These findings extend downward in age prior work indicating lower self-efficacy in children of depressed mothers. Early impairment in self-efficacy may place children at risk for later depression and thus may be one pathway for the intergenerational transmission of depression.

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پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.