وابستگی به دخانیات، درک ریسک و خودکارآمدی در میان افراد سیگاری کره ای آمریکایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|62118||2006||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3725 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Addictive Behaviors, Volume 31, Issue 10, October 2006, Pages 1776–1784
Psychosocial variables related to smoking cessation may differ among ethnic groups. This research focuses on Korean Americans, a group that receives little attention in smoking cessation research, yet has an elevated smoking rate when compared with that of the general US population. This article reports our findings on tobacco dependence, risk perceptions and self-efficacy and examines potential associations between these psychosocial variables and key demographic variables. One hundred Korean American adult smokers enrolled in the study and completed the psychosocial measurement. The majority of the participants (61%) were heavy smokers. The findings indicated that demographic factors were associated with key psychosocial variables that have been demonstrated to play a role in smoking cessation behaviors. In particular, younger age and higher educational level were associated with greater self-efficacy in quitting smoking. No differences in risk perception were observed by any of the demographic indicators assessed. The findings suggest that enhancing self-efficacy among older and less educated smokers may improve the efficacy of smoking cessation efforts that target Korean smokers.