حساسیت به مجازات به عنوان یک تعدیل کننده رابطه بین خودکارآمدی و واکنش های قلبی و عروقی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|62230||2007||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5009 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 43, Issue 1, July 2007, Pages 143–154
Eighty students volunteered to participate in an experiment in which the effect of self-efficacy on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) reactivity was tested. The subjects were asked to solve fifteen mathematical problems after having been randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions of self-efficacy manipulation (high versus low) in the context of a negative incentive value (a loud noise) contingent upon failing to properly perform the task. Self-efficacy manipulation was based on the different performance challenge to be attained in order to avoid the negative incentive. The subjects’ sensitivity to punishment was also evaluated by using the SPSRQ scale. The results showed an interaction between self-efficacy and sensitivity to punishment on systolic blood pressure and HR, but only a main effect of self-efficacy on diastolic BP was found. Self-efficacy tended to be negatively related to cardiovascular reactivity when the sensitivity to punishment was high, but positively when the sensitivity to punishment was low. The results are discussed in relation to the different motivational orientations (avoiding harm vs. achieving a goal) probably aroused by high and low sensitivity to punishment.