خواص شار حرارتی فصلی از یک بام سبز گسترده در آب و هوای ایالتهای غرب میانه ایالات متحده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|64888||2011||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5369 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Energy and Buildings, Volume 43, Issue 12, December 2011, Pages 3548–3557
Green roofs, or vegetated roofs, can reduce heat flux magnitude through a building envelope as a result of insulation provided by the growing medium, shading from the plant canopy, and transpirational cooling provided by the plants. This study quantifies the thermal properties of an inverted 325 m2 retro-fitted extensive green roof versus a traditional gravel ballasted inverted roof in a Midwestern U.S. climate characterized by hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters. In autumn, green roof temperatures were consistently 5 °C lower than corresponding gravel roof temperatures. Even during chilly and moist conditions, the heat flux leaving the building was lower for the green roof than the gravel roof. Temperatures at the top of the insulation layer were more variable for both green roof and gravel roof on winter days with no snow cover than on days with snow cover. Variation in temperatures between roof types in spring was similar to those in autumn. Peak temperature differences between gravel and green roof were larger in summer than other seasons (sometimes by as much as 20 °C). Over the course of a year (September 2005–August 2006), maximum and minimum average monthly temperatures and heat fluxes were consistently more extreme for the gravel roof than the green roof.