دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 64927
عنوان فارسی مقاله

هوش سیال به طور مستقل با تمام علل مرگ و میر بیش از 17 سال در یک نمونه از جامعه سالمندان در ارتباط است: بررسی مکانیزم های بالقوه

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
64927 2009 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Fluid intelligence is independently associated with all-cause mortality over 17 years in an elderly community sample: An investigation of potential mechanisms
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Intelligence, Volume 37, Issue 6, November–December 2009, Pages 551–560

کلمات کلیدی
مرگ و میر؛ اطلاعات - پیری شناختی؛ آزمون ملی خواندن بزرگسالان ؛ وضعیت اجتماعی و اقتصادی؛ وضعیت سلامت؛ رفتارهای بهداشتی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله هوش سیال به طور مستقل با تمام علل مرگ و میر بیش از 17 سال در یک نمونه از جامعه سالمندان در ارتباط است: بررسی مکانیزم های بالقوه

چکیده انگلیسی

The long-term relationship between lower intelligence and mortality risk in later life is well established, even when controlling for a range of health and sociodemographic measures. However, there is some evidence for differential effects in various domains of cognitive performance. Specifically, tests of fluid intelligence may have a stronger association with mortality than do tests of crystallized intelligence. The present study examines the relationship between intelligence and mortality in a sample of 896 Australian community-dwelling males and females, aged 70–97 at recruitment and followed for up to 17 years. There were 687 deaths during the follow-up period. Cox proportional hazard regression models examined whether the relationship between intelligence and mortality might be mediated by socioeconomic status, by health behaviors, by health status, or a combination of these. Higher fluid intelligence — as measured by the Symbol–Letter Modalities Test — was strongly associated with lower mortality rates (Hazard ratio = 0.80; 95% confidence interval = 0.72–0.88), even after accounting for any combination of potential mediators and confounders. A significant association between crystallized intelligence, as measured by the National Adult Reading Test, and mortality (HR = 0.89; 95% CI = 0.80–0.99) was attenuated by the inclusion of socioeconomic, health status measures, and health behavior measures and when deaths from the first four years of the study were excluded. The findings show little support for the hypothesized mechanisms of the intelligence–mortality relationship.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.