ماهیت واحد در مقابل ماهیت غیرواحد حافظه کاری؟ شواهد از ارتباط آن با هوش سیال عمومی و هوش متبلور
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|64977||2012||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7000 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Intelligence, Volume 40, Issue 5, September–October 2012, Pages 499–508
This study explored the controversy surrounding working memory: whether it is a unitary system providing general purpose resources or a more differentiated system with domain-specific sub-components. A total of 348 participants completed a set of 6 working memory tasks that systematically varied in storage target contents and type of information processing, as well as a set of 6 tests measuring general fluid intelligence and general crystallized intelligence. A structural equation modeling approach formalized and tested the theoretical expectations of the differentiation perspective on working memory. Visuo-spatial working memory was found to be more strongly correlated with general fluid intelligence than with general crystallized intelligence, and vice versa for verbal–numerical working memory. Additionally, general fluid intelligence was more strongly correlated with visuo-spatial working memory than with verbal–numerical working memory, and vice versa for general crystallized intelligence. These patterns of relationships supported the argument that working memory is not a simple unitary system, but can be differentiated in domain-specific components which are visuo-spatial working memory and verbal–numerical working memory.