گردشگری پایدار و پروژه آب تمیز برای دو جامعه گواتمالا: مطالعه موردی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|65268||2009||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3239 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Desalination, Volume 248, Issues 1–3, 15 November 2009, Pages 225–232
The close proximity of two Guatemalan villages to the turquoise lagoons of Sepalau in Chisec, Alta Verapaz, made these lakes the communal washing site for over 200 families. As a result, the lagoons were contaminated with soap and bleach chemicals. Community members, with the help of a Guatemalan sustainable development organization (Fundacion Solar), the United States Peace Corps and Sandia National Laboratories, designed an electric submersible water pump system used to fill cement communal washing station tanks that were to be built in the jungle surrounding the lagoons. The proposal was prepared and submitted with a detailed budget to the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) Mission in Guatemala in 2004. As part of the project, “Artificial Wetlands” were built in a series of three drainage ponds connected to the washing station by tubing, designed to treat the soap and bleach contaminated wastewater with native plants before it flowed back into the lagoons. These plants are very effective in removing chemicals associated with soaps. The project's implementation successfully improved the environmentally destructive washing practices of the women who had been washing for many years in the lagoons, and has raised the health and economic status of community members. To ensure project sustainability, payment and washing schedules were established in a 2-month training course for the community members after construction. Currently, the community uses funds from a small washing fee that is collected to repair the pump and maintain the site.