دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 65457
عنوان فارسی مقاله

ارزیابی انسداد ساختمان در طول استفاده اضطراری از چندین نوع سنسور

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
65457 2015 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Blockage assessment of buildings during emergency using multiple types of sensors
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Automation in Construction, Volume 49, Part A, January 2015, Pages 71–82

کلمات کلیدی
سنجش؛ همجوشی داده ها؛ انسداد ؛ واکنش اضطراری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله ارزیابی انسداد ساختمان در طول استفاده اضطراری از چندین نوع سنسور

چکیده انگلیسی

In case of an emergency in a building, first responders need to know current blockages in the building (e.g., blocked passageways and exits) and safe evacuating paths so that the occupants can be guided to the unblocked exits and safe paths toward those exits. To automatically determine blockage levels at buildings, a system that fuses data from multiple sensors and video camera was proposed. A prototype was developed and tested on an experimental model of a pilot building's hallway. A series of damage tests were conducted on the hallway model and recorded by the sensors and the video camera. Individual performances of sensors and video camera were evaluated, and a decision tree method was used to fuse sensor and video camera data for estimating the level of blockage in the hallway for different damage combinations applied on building components. The results demonstrated the technical feasibility of the proposed system and the findings of the decision tree highlight that by using less number of sensors, a cost-effective configuration can be achieved. The estimated blockage information can be used to create a topological map of the damaged building, indicating safe paths toward available unblocked exits.

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