ارزیابی پتانسیل انرژی خورشیدی محیط های شهری با چگالی کم در شهرهای رشته کوه آند با اقلیم کویری: مورد شهرستان مندوزا در آرژانتین
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|66915||2008||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8106 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Renewable Energy, Volume 33, Issue 8, August 2008, Pages 1733–1748
Energy use in the built environment is globally recognized as a key issue for sustainable urban development. In tempered-cold arid regions with a generous solar resource, adequate design and technology can substantially reduce the energy demand for space and water heating in urban buildings. This study assessed the solar potential of low-density urban environments in the city of Mendoza, Argentina. The results of the study will be used to develop technical guidelines for urban and energy planning agencies and professionals involved in the production of habitat. The study included the following successive steps: (i) selection of a representative sample of analysis units (city blocks); (ii) selection of a series of urban and building variables; (iii) definition of indicators accounting for solar masking, building's potential use of the solar radiation on the whole urban area, and availability of adequate collecting areas to satisfy high percentages of the energy demand in low-density urban environments; and (iv) insolation of potential collectors simulated by a graphic-computational model developed in the R+D unit. Only the results for solar space heating are presented in this paper. The results, direct and statistical, indicate that it is technically feasible to meet the target solar fractions. At the same time, by means of the solar recycling of existing building stocks, it is possible to considerably reduce the environmental impacts due to the extraction of materials from, and the disposal of solid wastes into, the ecosystem.