فعال سازی قلیایی به عنوان یک روش جایگزین برای استحکام معماری خاکی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|67315||2015||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6335 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Cultural Heritage, Volume 16, Issue 4, July–August 2015, Pages 461–469
The majority of historic buildings and archaeological remains made of earth exhibit important conservation problems, which require consolidation. Most conventional consolidation treatments used in the past have not succeeded in providing a long-term solution because they did not tackle the main cause of degradation, the expansion and contraction of constituent clay minerals in response to humidity changes. Clay swelling could be reduced significantly by transforming clay minerals into non-expandable binding materials with cementing capacity using alkaline activation. It is demonstrated that a significant degree of clay mineral dissolution and transformation is achieved upon activation with 5 M NaOH and 5 M KOH solutions. Furthermore, adobe test blocks impregnated with either 5 M NaOH or 5 M KOH solution experience an important improvement in water resistance and mechanical strength. The influence of structural and compositional differences of clay minerals commonly present in earthen structures on their reactivity under high pH conditions and the consolidation efficacy of the various alkaline solutions are discussed. Also addressed are possible side effects of the alkaline treatment such as colour change and the formation of potentially damaging salts.