دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 68272
عنوان فارسی مقاله

طراحی مطالعه تجربی برای بهبود ارزیابی اقدامات کاهش دهنده جاده ای برای حیات وحش

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
68272 2015 17 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Experimental study designs to improve the evaluation of road mitigation measures for wildlife
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 154, 1 May 2015, Pages 48–64

کلمات کلیدی
تداوم جمعیت؛ برنامه ریزی جاده؛ طراحی تجربی؛تاثیر قبل و بعد از کنترل ؛ اثربخشی؛ اثرات جاده
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله طراحی مطالعه تجربی برای بهبود ارزیابی اقدامات کاهش دهنده جاده ای برای حیات وحش

چکیده انگلیسی

An experimental approach to road mitigation that maximizes inferential power is essential to ensure that mitigation is both ecologically-effective and cost-effective. Here, we set out the need for and standards of using an experimental approach to road mitigation, in order to improve knowledge of the influence of mitigation measures on wildlife populations. We point out two key areas that need to be considered when conducting mitigation experiments. First, researchers need to get involved at the earliest stage of the road or mitigation project to ensure the necessary planning and funds are available for conducting a high quality experiment. Second, experimentation will generate new knowledge about the parameters that influence mitigation effectiveness, which ultimately allows better prediction for future road mitigation projects. We identify seven key questions about mitigation structures (i.e., wildlife crossing structures and fencing) that remain largely or entirely unanswered at the population-level: (1) Does a given crossing structure work? What type and size of crossing structures should we use? (2) How many crossing structures should we build? (3) Is it more effective to install a small number of large-sized crossing structures or a large number of small-sized crossing structures? (4) How much barrier fencing is needed for a given length of road? (5) Do we need funnel fencing to lead animals to crossing structures, and how long does such fencing have to be? (6) How should we manage/manipulate the environment in the area around the crossing structures and fencing? (7) Where should we place crossing structures and barrier fencing? We provide experimental approaches to answering each of them using example Before-After-Control-Impact (BACI) study designs for two stages in the road/mitigation project where researchers may become involved: (1) at the beginning of a road/mitigation project, and (2) after the mitigation has been constructed; highlighting real case studies when available.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.