یک روش جدید برای اتوماسیون برنامه ریزی استحکامات مبتنی بر مکان در پروژه های ساخت و ساز جاده ای
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|68287||2014||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7162 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Automation in Construction, Volume 43, July 2014, Pages 156–169
Accurate information of working locations is vital for efficient resource planning, safety of the construction site and monitoring the weekly progress of earthworks, which is missing in the existing linear scheduling methods. Construction managers have to depend on the subjective decisions for resources allocation and progress monitoring from location aspects. This has caused uncertainties in planning and scheduling, and consequently delays and cost overruns of projects. In this context, a prototype computer-based model was developed using the theory of the location-based planning. An arithmetic algorithm was designed by incorporating road design data, sectional quantities, variable productivity rates and haulage distance. This paper focuses on the improvement and demonstration of the model functions through a case study experiment, which include the automatic generation of location-based earthwork schedules and the optimisation of the weekly resource allocation when and where necessary from the location aspects, considering different options such as construction sequences of the cut/fill sections, site access points and the equipment sets with known productivity rates. The study concluded that the model is a decision supporting tool that assists in the resources planning, identifying time–space congestion, monitoring the activities progress on a weekly basis from the location aspects, and reducing the gap when communicating the scheduling information amongst the construction site teams.