دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 6986
عنوان فارسی مقاله

بازگشت به عقب یا حرکت روبه جلو: انعطاف پذیری منطقه ای و برنامه ریزی توسعه اقتصادی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
6986 2013 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 9290 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Bounce back or move on: Regional resilience and economic development planning
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cities, Volume 30, February 2013, Pages 212–222

کلمات کلیدی
توسعه اقتصادی - مناطق - جهندگی - بازسازی اقتصادی - کلیولند - بوفالو -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله بازگشت به عقب یا حرکت روبه جلو: انعطاف پذیری منطقه ای و برنامه ریزی توسعه اقتصادی

چکیده انگلیسی

While psychologists and ecologists have identified many factors that increase the odds of resilience in a person or an ecosystem, economic development officials and planning scholars do not yet have a firm grasp on how economic development planning relates to regional resilience. This study explores how two regions – Buffalo, New York and Cleveland, Ohio – have adapted and responded to deindustrialization using economic development. Interviews were conducted with past and present planning and economic development leaders and historical and current economic development plans were analyzed in order to increase our understanding of how regions respond to challenges, how economic development planning shapes these responses, and how both economic development planning and the larger response relate to adaptive resilience in distressed regions.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Just as people may be resilient, so too may places. And just as people may not be resilient, so too may metropolitan regions and their core cities. In recent years, numerous scholars have begun to grapple with the question of what makes a region resilient. While psychologists and ecologists have made great strides to identify the factors that increase the odds of resilience in a person or an ecosystem confronting a problem, economic development officials and planning scholars do not yet have a firm grasp on the factors that affect a region’s resilience in response to a given challenge. In this study, the focus is on deindustrialization and how two regions have adapted and responded to this challenge using economic development planning. Frequently mistaken for a cyclical recession or temporary economic downturn, deindustrialization unfolds over time, often coinciding with population out-migration, economic restructuring and widespread employment losses. Regional responses to the challenge of deindustrialization have varied in both their approaches and in their outcomes. While some regions have successfully weathered the trend, others have fought, and in some cases continue to fight, diligently to reverse or curtail its negative effects. Such divergent processes and outcomes highlight the importance of using case studies to understand what features of a region, including regional asset bases, modes of governance, civic capacity, leadership, and various external factors contribute to decline or facilitate recovery. Theories of resilience from an array of disciplines provide a conceptual framework through which these questions can be answered. Using resilience as a lens, this research seeks to apply established theory and methods from the resilience literature to the question of deindustrialization, allowing for the emergence of a more specific understanding of how and why regions varied in their abilities to respond to this challenge. In this study, I examine two comparable United States metropolitan regions – Buffalo, New York and Cleveland, Ohio – that confronted the challenge of deindustrialization beginning in the late 1970s. In both regions, I conducted interviews with past and present planning and economic development leaders and analyzed historical and current economic development plans in order to compare how plans have changed, priorities have shifted, and the tone of both have adjusted to the new realities of the post-industrial economy. Using the analytical framework of resilience, I then conclude with a discussion of adaptive resilience vis-à-vis these two case study regions. The goal of this research is to increase our understanding of how regions respond to challenges, how economic development planning shapes these responses, and how both economic development planning and the larger response relate to adaptive resilience in distressed regions.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

Just as people may be resilient, so too may places. And just as people may not be resilient, so too may metropolitan regions and their core cities. In recent years, numerous scholars have begun to grapple with the question of what makes a region resilient. While psychologists and ecologists have made great strides to identify the factors that increase the odds of resilience in a person or an ecosystem confronting a problem, economic development officials and planning scholars do not yet have a firm grasp on the factors that affect a region’s resilience in response to a given challenge. In this study, the focus is on deindustrialization and how two regions have adapted and responded to this challenge using economic development planning. Frequently mistaken for a cyclical recession or temporary economic downturn, deindustrialization unfolds over time, often coinciding with population out-migration, economic restructuring and widespread employment losses. Regional responses to the challenge of deindustrialization have varied in both their approaches and in their outcomes. While some regions have successfully weathered the trend, others have fought, and in some cases continue to fight, diligently to reverse or curtail its negative effects. Such divergent processes and outcomes highlight the importance of using case studies to understand what features of a region, including regional asset bases, modes of governance, civic capacity, leadership, and various external factors contribute to decline or facilitate recovery. Theories of resilience from an array of disciplines provide a conceptual framework through which these questions can be answered. Using resilience as a lens, this research seeks to apply established theory and methods from the resilience literature to the question of deindustrialization, allowing for the emergence of a more specific understanding of how and why regions varied in their abilities to respond to this challenge. In this study, I examine two comparable United States metropolitan regions – Buffalo, New York and Cleveland, Ohio – that confronted the challenge of deindustrialization beginning in the late 1970s. In both regions, I conducted interviews with past and present planning and economic development leaders and analyzed historical and current economic development plans in order to compare how plans have changed, priorities have shifted, and the tone of both have adjusted to the new realities of the post-industrial economy. Using the analytical framework of resilience, I then conclude with a discussion of adaptive resilience vis-à-vis these two case study regions. The goal of this research is to increase our understanding of how regions respond to challenges, how economic development planning shapes these responses, and how both economic development planning and the larger response relate to adaptive resilience in distressed regions.

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