بررسی پوشش گیاهی سقف سرد در کاهش جزیره گرمایی شهری در شهرستان های گرمسیری، سنگاپور
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|70615||2016||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7000 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Urban Climate, Volume 16, June 2016, Pages 59–74
Numerical sensitivity tests are carried out to evaluate the mitigation effect of the cool roof and green vegetations at the city scale. The results reveal that the city-scale deployment of cool roofs can greatly reduce the near-surface air temperature and surface skin temperature during the daytime (especially at noon), but has little effect during nighttime. Green vegetation deployment, however, can reduce the near-surface air temperature by more than 1 °C during nighttime when the UHI intensity is high. This reduction can reach 2 °C at 02:00 LT in western Singapore. The detailed analysis shows that the higher latent heat flux and lower heat storage during daytime in green vegetation deployment are the key factors that contribute to the lower sensible heat flux, and hence lower near-surface air temperature. Moreover, the green vegetation will improve human’s physiological thermal comfort during early morning. It is therefore suggested that, under the specific meteorological conditions, the green vegetation is preferable in terms of mitigating the (nocturnal) UHI intensity in Singapore, albeit with some uncertainties and caveats to be considered in practice.