اندازه گیری کمی مصرف برق خانگی برای تهویه هوا با توجه به جزایر گرمایی شهری در مناطق گرم و خشک
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|70634||2013||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6370 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Energy, Volume 112, December 2013, Pages 371–380
Authoritative reports show that building electricity consumption can increase steadily once temperature values within urban regions exceed their rural values. This study first assesses the role of higher temperatures in the variation of Bahrain’s domestic electricity consumption for air-conditioning, using the cooling degree days (CDD) as a quantitative index. It then examines how this consumption is affected by urban features. The assessment is performed using established scenarios of the urban heat island (UHI), advanced statistics of building stock and data for electricity consumption. Simple regression equations are developed to predict the effects of temperature alterations on the electricity consumption. This work shows that the variation in CDD is a direct result of modifications to the urban microclimate. The annual total urban CDD value is up to 17% higher than the rural CDD value. A sharp increase of up to 10% in electricity consumption for air-conditioning occurs in urban regions from April to October. Estimates of the electricity demand for dense urban centres that are based on air temperature values measured in open areas, such as airports, can cause an error of almost 6%. The developed statistical equations can be a valuable and convenient method of quantifying the domestic electricity consumption for air-conditioning in Bahrain and other Gulf countries.