تعامل رودخانه ها و فرم شهری در کاهش اثر جزیره حرارتی شهری: مطالعه موردی بریتانیا
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|70644||2012||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6162 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Building and Environment, Volume 58, December 2012, Pages 14–22
The Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect already produces elevated temperatures in city centres therefore urban design has a key role to pay in reducing the UHI to create safe and pleasant places in which to live and work. Increased surface porosity and bodies of surface water have a role to play in increasing potential cooling through evaporation. Urban rivers may, therefore, have a place in reducing the UHI. This paper investigates the effectiveness that small urban rivers may have in reducing the UHI effect and also examines the role that the urban form on the banks of a river can play in propagating or reducing this potential cooling. The results from a field survey during spring and summer are presented for a river in Sheffield, UK. The level of cooling is related to the ambient air temperature, increasing at higher temperatures. However, there are also seasonal dependencies and relationships linked to the river water temperature, incident solar radiation, wind speed and relative humidity. A mean level of daytime cooling of over 1.5 °C was found above the river in spring, but this was reduced in summer when the river water temperature was warmer. The urban form on the river bank influenced the levels of cooling felt away from the river bank.