بررسی کنترل سیگنال ترافیک در تقاطع چراغدار در شبکه های ad hoc فضایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|70758||2013||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4707 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Ad Hoc Networks, Volume 11, Issue 7, September 2013, Pages 2115–2124
The Seoul metropolitan government has been operating a traffic signal control system with the name of COSMOS (Cycle, Offset, Split MOdel for Seoul) since 2001. COSMOS analyzes the degrees of saturation and congestion which are calculated by installing loop detectors. At present, subterranean inductive loop detectors are generally used for detecting vehicles but their maintenance is inconvenient and costly. In addition, the estimated queue length might be influenced by errors in measuring speed, because the detectors only consider the speed of passing vehicles. Instead, we proposed a traffic signal control algorithm which enables smooth traffic flow at intersections. The proposed algorithm assigns vehicles to the group of each lane and calculates traffic volume and congestion degree using the traffic information of each group through inter-vehicle communication in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs). This does not require the installation of additional devices such as cameras, sensors or image processing units. In this paper, the algorithm we suggest is verified for AJWT (Average Junction Waiting Time) and TQL (Total Queue Length) under a single intersection model based on the GLD (Green Light District) simulator. The results are better than random control method and best-first control method. For a generalization of the real-time control method with VANETs, this research suggests that the technology of traffic control in signalized intersections using wireless communication will be highly useful.