دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 70856
عنوان فارسی مقاله

دقت پیش بینی فراحافظه برای کارهای ساده حافظه آینده نگر و گذشته نگر در کودکان 5 ساله

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
70856 2014 17 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Metamemory prediction accuracy for simple prospective and retrospective memory tasks in 5-year-old children
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 127, November 2014, Pages 65–81

کلمات کلیدی
فرزندان؛ حافظه آینده نگر؛ حافظه گذشته نگر؛ فراحافظه ؛ تفکر آینده؛ حکم یادگیری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله دقت پیش بینی فراحافظه برای کارهای ساده حافظه آینده نگر و گذشته نگر در کودکان 5 ساله

چکیده انگلیسی

It is well documented that young children greatly overestimate their performance on tests of retrospective memory (RM), but the current investigation is the first to examine children’s prediction accuracy for prospective memory (PM). Three studies were conducted, each testing a different group of 5-year-olds. In Study 1 (N = 46), participants were asked to predict their success in a simple event-based PM task (remembering to convey a message to a toy mole if they encountered a particular picture during a picture-naming activity). Before naming the pictures, children listened to either a reminder story or a neutral story. Results showed that children were highly accurate in their PM predictions (78% accuracy) and that the reminder story appeared to benefit PM only in children who predicted they would remember the PM response. In Study 2 (N = 80), children showed high PM prediction accuracy (69%) regardless of whether the cue was specific or general and despite typical overoptimism regarding their performance on a 10-item RM task using item-by-item prediction. Study 3 (N = 35) showed that children were prone to overestimate RM even when asked about their ability to recall a single item—the mole’s unusual name. In light of these findings, we consider possible reasons for children’s impressive PM prediction accuracy, including the potential involvement of future thinking in performance predictions and PM.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.