دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 70915
عنوان فارسی مقاله

حافظه آینده نگر در یک شامپانزه زبان آموزش دیده

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
70915 2012 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Prospective memory in a language-trained chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Learning and Motivation, Volume 43, Issue 4, November 2012, Pages 192–199

کلمات کلیدی
حافظه آینده نگر؛ شامپانزه؛ شامپانزه معمولی؛ برنامه ریزی؛ حافظه
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله حافظه آینده نگر در یک شامپانزه زبان آموزش دیده

چکیده انگلیسی

Prospective memory involves the encoding, retention, and implementation of an intended future action. Although humans show many forms of prospective memory, less is known about the future oriented processes of nonhuman animals, or their ability to use prospective memory. In this experiment, a chimpanzee named Panzee, who had learned to associate geometric forms called lexigrams with real-world referents, was given a prospective memory test. Panzee selected between two foods the one she wanted to receive more immediately. That food was scattered in an outdoor yard where she could forage for it. Also outdoors were lexigram tokens, one of which represented the food item that remained indoors throughout a 30 min period, and that could be obtained if Panzee brought in the token that matched that food item. After foraging for the selected food item, Panzee consistently remembered to retrieve and return the correct token when food was available indoors, whereas on control trials involving no indoor food she rarely returned a token. This indicated that Panzee encoded information relevant to the future action of token retrieval after extended delays for one type of food, even when a more immediately preferred food was available.

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