نارساخوانی رشدی و درک روابط فضایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|71029||2012||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8876 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Cortex, Volume 48, Issue 4, April 2012, Pages 466–476
According to wide literature, a global impairment in the temporal and spatial domains as well as an increased crowding effect is common of dyslexics. The aim of the study was to evaluate if such subjects suffer from a more general impairment of spatial relationship perception (SRP) and in particular from anomalous spatial relationship anisotropy (SRA) thus accounting both for their global perceptual distortions and abnormal crowding. SRP of 39 young disabled readers and 23 normal subjects were measured by a specifically designed psychophysical technique based on circular and elliptical target recognitions. A general impairment of SRP characterized by increased horizontal/vertical anisotropy was found in the dyslexic sample compared to the controls. In the second part of the experiment, reading efficiency and reading time were measured by MNREAD© reading cards in standard conditions and after increasing horizontal spatial extension of the sentence by different values. We suppose this modification could well compensate the abnormal anisotropy found in dyslexics. Data obtained in the two groups were compared. A strong correlation between reading efficiency (a parameter we have specifically devised) and horizontal spatial text relationship values were present in the patients (r = .87, p < .01), but not in the controls. The same was found taking into consideration mean reading time (r = −.82, p < .01). We therefore gather that an alteration of SRP, characterized by an increased anisotropy may be involved in developmental dyslexia.